Kidney cancer begins in the kidneys. The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs, each about the size of your fist. They're located behind your abdominal organs, with one kidney on each side of your spine. In adults, renal cell carcinoma is the most common type of kidney cancer — about 90 percent of cancerous tumors.
Symptoms of Kidney Cancer
Kidney cancer rarely causes signs or symptoms in its early stages. And currently there are no routine tests used to screen for kidney cancer in the absence of symptoms. In the later stages, kidney cancer signs and symptoms may include:
Blood in the urine which may be pink, red or cola coloured.
Pain in the back or side which persists.
Loss of appetite
Unexplained Weight Loss
Fatigue and general body weakness
Low Grade unexplained fever
Causes and Factors
High Blood Pressure
The diagnosis of Kidney Cancer mostly happens accidently when the patient is undergoing Ultrasound of the Abdomen for any kind of pain abdomen and the radiologist sees the tumour in the kidney. Further investigations would be some blood tests, CT Scan or MRI of the KUB Region. Ultrasound or CT Guided Biopsy is done to confirm the nature of the kidney cancer. Once it is confirmed that the tumour is malignant then whole body PET CT is done to find out whether the tumour is restricted to the kidneys or have spread to other parts of the body.
Surgery - Surgery for removing the tumour is the best line of treatment. If the tumour is in the early stage then just the tumour can be removed and the surgery is called Partial Nephrectomy while if the tumour is large then it is best to remove the entire kidney and the surgery is called Total Nephrectomy. Since we have two kidneys the patient can live normal life with one kidney also but has to keep a close watch on the health of the remaining kidney.
Non Surgical Treatments - The non surgical treatment options for small kidney tumours are Heat - Radiofrequency Ablation and Cold - Cryoablation. Targetted Therapy, Chemotherapy and Radiotherapy or their combinations can also be used.
The first step is to correctly diagnose the stage of Kidney cancer. The initial tests would include Ultrasound, CT Scan or MRI and Biopsy of the kidney. Then a whole body PET CT is done to see whether the cancer has spread to other parts of the body. The cost of these investigations would be approximately USD 500-700. Once we know the stage of the cancer then the treatment is planned. The cost of partial nephrectomy would be USD 2500-3000 while the cost of total nephrectomy would be USD 3500-4000. Frozen section biopsy is done during the surgery to make sure that the entire cancer is removed and the margins are clear.
The hospital stay for kidney cancer surgery would be 4-5 days and post discharge stay in India would be about 2 weeks. So you should ideally plan a trip for about 3-4 weeks to India for getting the complete treatment. You can send your reports by email or whatsapp to get an estimate about the cost of the treatment before arriving in India.
Apart from the treatment the other costs like travelling, hotels and food are all cheaper in India. The boarding and lodging cost for the patient and one attendant in a decent airconditioned guest house would be around USD 40-60 per day. Those who have to stay for long periods can even rent an apartment for around 300-400 USD per month. The stay in cancer cases is longer where the patient needs multi modality treatment. For query please whatsapp at +91-9958222443 or email to firstname.lastname@example.org
Cancer treatment requires high quality equipments and care. Hence in India cancer hospitals are majorly tertiary care setups. Some of the best cancer hospitals in India with best in class facilities are located in Delhi/NCR and Mumbai. In Delhi/NCR we have hospitals like Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon, India whcih is considered as one of the most advanced hospitals for cancer treatment. Apart from Fortis we have Paras Hospital Gurgaon, India which is a great setup for cancer surgeries. Similarly in Munbai we have Nanavati hospital which offers great cancer treatment facilities all the way from cancer surgery, chemotherapy, liver transplant, bone marrow transplant and even heart and lung transplants.
Our Hospitals have the latest MRI, CT Scan, Digital X-Ray, Mammography, Ultrasound, Colour Doppler, PET CT Scan, Gamma Camera (Nuclear Medicine Scans), Image Guided Radiation Therapy, Gamma Knife, Cyber Knife etc which gives us the diagnostic and theraputic confidence for providing the right treatment.
Modular fully equipped Operation Theatres with hepa-filters for zero infection rate and C-Arm backed by a state of art ICU helps us in providing world class treatment to our patients. Similarly in cases of transplant our well equipped isolation rooms ensure a zero infection rate which is very important for transplant patients as they have compromised immunity after the surgery.
Our team of doctors include some of the best names from the Indian Medical Fraternity. Dr Ankur Garg - Liver Transplant and Hepato Biliary and Pancreatinc Cancer Surgeon, Dr Kaushal Yadav, Dr Niranjan Naik, Dr Rama Joshi, Dr Sumita Singh, Dr Priyanjana Sharma, Rajiv Yadav- Cancer Surgeon, Dr Pradeep Bansal and Dr Fateh Singh Kidney Transplant Surgeon, Dr Rahul Bhargava and Dr Dharma Choudhary - Bone Marrow Transplant Specialist, Dr Vinod Raina, Dr Suresh Advani - Medical Oncologist, Dr Sandeep Attawar and Dr Hemant Pathare - Heart & Lung Transplant Surgeon, Dr Rajat Gupta - Orthopaedic Cancer Surgeon, Dr Amal Roay Chaudhoory and Dr Subodh Pande Radiation Oncologist.
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