Cancer starts when cells in the body begin to grow out of control. Cells in nearly any part of the body can become cancer, and can spread to other areas of the body. Esophageal cancer (or oesophageal cancer) is cancer arising from the esophagus — the food pipe that runs between the throat and the stomach. It lies behind the trachea (windpipe) and in front of the spine.The two main sub-types of the disease are esophageal squamous-cell carcinoma (often abbreviated to ESCC), which is more common in the developing world, and esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC), which is more common in the developed world.
Prevention includes stop smoking or chewing tobacco. According to the National Cancer Institute, "diets high in cruciferous (cabbage, broccoli/broccolini, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts) and green and yellow vegetables and fruits are associated with a decreased risk of esophageal cancer. Dietary fiber is thought to be protective, especially against esophageal adenocarcinoma. But for early detection of any disease patient should consult his/her family physician.
The two main types (i.e. squamous-cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma) have distinct sets of risk factors. Squamous-cell carcinoma is linked to lifestyle factors such as smoking and alcohol. Adenocarcinoma has been linked to effects of long-term acid reflux.Tobacco is a risk factor for both types.Both types are more common in men and in the over-60s.
Treatment is best managed by a multidisciplinary team covering the various specialties involved. Prominent symptoms usually do not appear until the cancer has infiltrated over 60% of the circumference of the esophageal tube, by which time the tumor is already in an advanced stage.
Life Style Changes - To treat cancer, first eliminate substances that can be causing the cancer. If you smoke or drink alcohol, then stop immediately os that further damage does not take place. Also diet modification should be introduced. Diet which is rich in fibre should be taken so that the effects of cancer start getting reduced.
Medication - If the cancer is widespread, metastatic or recurrent then it is managed palliatively. In this case, chemotherapy may be used to lengthen survival, while treatments such as radiotherapy or stenting may be used to relieve symptoms and make it easier to swallow.
Surgery - There are a number of surgical options, and the best choices for particular situations can be decided after knowing the staging of the cancer. If the cancer is localized and not spread to other parts of the body then Surgery is the best line of treatment. A clean surgery where the surgeon removes all the cancerous tissue and the margins of the removed tissue are clear in frozen section biopsy then the prognosis is very good. This can be followed by chemotherapy.
The cost of Esophagus Cancer Treatment in India ranges from USD 3000-5000 at the best of the hospitals. The first step is to correctly diagnose the stage of esophageal cancer. This is done by doing MRI or 3D CT Scan of the Mouth so that the depth and spread of the tumour can be assessed. Upper GI Endoscopy is done to take sample for biopsy. The results of biopsy will establish the type of cancer. Then a whole body PET CT is done to see whether the cancer has spread to other parts of the body. The cost of these investigations would be approximately USD 500-700. Once we know the stage of the cancer then the treatment is planned. If surgical excision of the tumour is to be done then the cost of the surgery would be around USD 3000 - 4500. Frozen section biopsy is done during the surgery to make sure that the entire cancer is removed and the margins are clear.
The hospital stay for esophageal cancer surgery would be 5-7 days and post discharge stay in India would be about 2 weeks. So you should ideally plan a trip for about 3-4 weeks to India for getting the complete treatment. You can send your reports by email or whatsapp to get an estimate about the cost of the treatment before arriving in India.
Apart from the treatment the other costs like travelling, hotels and food are all cheaper in India. The boarding and lodging cost for the patient and one attendant in a decent airconditioned guest house would be around USD 40-60 per day. Those who have to stay for long periods can even rent an apartment for around 300-400 USD per month. The stay in cancer cases is longer where the patient needs multi modality treatment. For query please whatsapp at +91-9958222443 or email to firstname.lastname@example.org
Cancer treatment requires high quality equipments and care. Hence in India cancer hospitals are majorly tertiary care setups. Some of the best cancer hospitals in India with best in class facilities are located in Delhi/NCR and Mumbai. In Delhi/NCR we have hospitals like Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon, India whcih is considered as one of the most advanced hospitals for cancer treatment. Apart from Fortis we have Paras Hospital Gurgaon, India which is a great setup for cancer surgeries. Similarly in Munbai we have Nanavati hospital which offers great cancer treatment facilities all the way from cancer surgery, chemotherapy, liver transplant, bone marrow transplant and even heart and lung transplants.
Our Hospitals have the latest MRI, CT Scan, Digital X-Ray, Mammography, Ultrasound, Colour Doppler, PET CT Scan, Gamma Camera (Nuclear Medicine Scans), Image Guided Radiation Therapy, Gamma Knife, Cyber Knife etc which gives us the diagnostic and theraputic confidence for providing the right treatment.
Modular fully equipped Operation Theatres with hepa-filters for zero infection rate and C-Arm backed by a state of art ICU helps us in providing world class treatment to our patients. Similarly in cases of transplant our well equipped isolation rooms ensure a zero infection rate which is very important for transplant patients as they have compromised immunity after the surgery.
Our team of doctors include some of the best names from the Indian Medical Fraternity. Dr Ankur Garg - Liver Transplant and Hepato Biliary and Pancreatinc Cancer Surgeon, Dr Kaushal Yadav, Dr Niranjan Naik, Dr Rama Joshi, Dr Sumita Singh, Dr Priyanjana Sharma, Rajiv Yadav- Cancer Surgeon, Dr Pradeep Bansal and Dr Fateh Singh Kidney Transplant Surgeon, Dr Rahul Bhargava and Dr Dharma Choudhary - Bone Marrow Transplant Specialist, Dr Vinod Raina, Dr Suresh Advani - Medical Oncologist, Dr Sandeep Attawar and Dr Hemant Pathare - Heart & Lung Transplant Surgeon, Dr Rajat Gupta - Orthopaedic Cancer Surgeon, Dr Amal Roay Chaudhoory and Dr Subodh Pande Radiation Oncologist.
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