Bone cancer is an uncommon cancer that begins in a bone. Bone cancer can begin in any bone in the body, but it most commonly affects the long bones of the arms and legs. Several types of bone cancer exist. Some types of bone cancer occur primarily in children, while others affect mostly adults.
Types of Bone Cancer
There are several types of bone tumours. They are named according to the area of bone or tissue where they start and the type of cells they contain. Some bone tumours are benign (not cancer), and some are malignant (cancer). Bone cancer also is called sarcoma. The most common types of bone cancers are:
Osteosarcoma - It occurs most often in children and adolescents, and it accounts for about one-fourth of bone cancer in adults. More males than females get this cancer. It begins in bone cells, usually in the pelvis, arms or legs, especially the area around the knee.
Chondrosarcoma - It is cancer of cartilage cells. More than 40% of adult bone cancer is chondrosarcoma, making it the most prevalent bone cancer in adults. The average age of diagnosis is 51, and 70% of cases are in patients over 40. Chondrosarcoma tends to be diagnosed at an early stage and often is low grade. Many chondrosarcoma tumors are benign (not cancer). Tumors can develop anywhere in the body where there is cartilage, especially the pelvis, leg or arm.
Ewing's sarcoma - It is the second most prevalent type of bone cancer in children and adolescents, and the third most often found in adults. It accounts for about 8% of bone cancers in adults. Ewing's sarcoma can start in bones, tissues or organs, especially the pelvis, chest wall, legs or arms.
Symptoms of Bone Cancer
Swelling or tenderness in or near a joint
Difficulty with normal movement
Treatment Options in India for Bone Cancer
If you are diagnosed with bone cancer, doctors in India will discuss the best options for treatment of bone cancer. The line of treatment followed by the hospitals and doctors in India depends on several factors, including the type and stage of the cancer and your general health. In India your treatment for bone cancer will be customized to your particular needs.
There are several different types of surgeries in best hospital in India that may be performed by the cancer specialist in India, depending on the location and extent of the bone cancer.
Limb-salvage surgery: With this technique surgeons in India remove the bone cancer and some surrounding healthy tissue, but leave enough bone to save the arm or leg. The space where the bone has been removed is then filled with a bone graft or an end prosthesis. This type of bone cancer surgery in India is used to save the limb in approximately 90 percent of cases. In India doctors encourage patients to participate in rehabilitation program as it is very important in order to maintain the use of the arm or leg after surgery.
Amputation: This surgery removes all or part of the leg or arm in which the tumor is located. In India after surgery, the patient has option of getting artificial prosthesis. While amputation used to be the main way to treat bone cancers, advances in surgical techniques in India have increased the ability to save the affected limb, and now this type of bone cancer surgery is usually reserved for cases when the essential nerves, arteries or muscles have been affected by the tumor and must be removed.
Surgery for bone cancers in other areas: When bone cancer occurs in areas other than an arm or leg, surgeons in India may use a variety of techniques to remove the tumor and fill in the space. Curettage, a procedure in which the surgeon scrapes out the cancer cells but does not remove an entire section of bone may be used for tumors in some locations, such as the skull or spine. After this type of surgery for bone cancer, liquid nitrogen may be used to kill any remaining tumor cells. Bone grafts or bone cement may be used to fill the hole in the bone.
Reconstructive surgery: Surgeons in India use advanced techniques to reshape or rebuild the part of the body changed by previous surgery for bone cancer treatment.
Dr S P Bhanot is one of the best and most experienced Cancer Surgeon in India. Dr Bhanot has experience of more than 20 years as cancer surgeon with training from premier most Tata Memorial Cancer Hospital Mumbai India. He is experienced in Gastro Intestinal Tract (GI Tract) Surgery, Bone Cancer, Breast Cancer Surgery, Head and Neck Cancer Surgery, Urological Cancer Surgery, Gynae Cancer Surgery and Abdominal Cancer Surgery. GNH Hospital, Gurgaon. VIEW MORE
Dr Kaushal Yadav
Dr Kaushal Yadav is an extensively trained cancer surgeon in Gurgaon, India. Dr Yadav did super specialization in Surgical Oncology from Tata Memorial Cancer Hospital, Mumbai, India